Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation it normally appears as large dark patches on the face although other parts of the body can also be affected, it can be caused by the overproduction of melanin, sun exposure, ultraviolet light, the use of contraceptives, genetics, or during and after pregnancy. Melasma is more common in women, according to studies melasma affects 90% of women and only 10% of men.
Types of Melasma
There are three types:
1. Epidermal melasma that affects the top layer of skin and the hyperpigmentation is brown with well-defined borders.
2. Dermal melasma that affects the deeper dermal layers of the skin and is characterized by blue-gray patches.
3. Mixed melasma (a combination of epidermal and dermal) it shows as a brown-gray pigment.
According to studies, dermal and mixed melasma are the most difficult types to treat.
This can be determined with “Wood light” a subtype of ultraviolet light that allows the doctor to identify the state of your skin and the conditions that you may have.
How to prevent
Remember that sunscreen is the best anti-aging product, it prevents dark spots, premature aging and skin diseases like cancer. Sun protection is not just for sunny days, sun’s rays affect the skin even on cloudy days, so give your skin the daily protection it needs.
Ultraviolet rays are everywhere (computers and smartphones) they are a constant danger to the skin, that is why we recommend to use a sunscreen with a broad spectrum protection, apply it after your daily skin-care routine and re-apply 2 per 3 times a day.
Infinitek Paris® has developed an Ultra Protection SPF 50 Sunscreen, with a broad spectrum against UVA, UVB and Blue light rays. It is an innovative and exclusive formula that protects your skin, but also works as a Facial Primer. Its texture is soft, light and not oily, it has a universal color that adjusts to any skin tone, providing instant color correction to reveal a uniform, radiant and youthful tone.
Its formula is 100% mineral, for all skin types, it hydrates and prevents premature aging such as dark spots and the risk of skin cancer.
Taking care of your skin is a must, do it with